Etymology[ edit ] Coat is one of the earliest clothing category words in English , attested as far back as the early Middle Ages. See also Clothing terminology.
The Oxford English Dictionary traces coat in its modern meaning to c. The word coat stems from Old French and then Latin cottus.
An early use of coat in English is coat of mail chainmail , a tunic-like garment of metal rings, usually knee — or mid-calf length.
Coats, jackets and overcoats[ edit ] In the early 19th century, coats were divided into under-coats and overcoats. The term "under-coat" is now archaic but denoted the fact that the word coat could be both the outermost layer for outdoor wear overcoat or the coat worn under that under-coat. However, the term coat has begun to denote just the overcoat rather than the under-coat. Nor do the terms tailcoat , morning coat or house coat denote types of overcoat.
Indeed, an overcoat may be worn over the top of a tailcoat. In tailoring circles, the tailor who makes all types of coats is called a coat maker. Similarly, in American English, the term sports coat is used to denote a type of jacket not worn as outerwear overcoat sports jacket in British English.
The term jacket is a traditional term usually used to refer to a specific type of short under-coat. The modern jacket worn with a suit is traditionally called a lounge coat or a lounge jacket in British English and a sack coat in American English. The American English term is rarely used.
Not all carrycots are suitable for overnight sleeping and special mattresses may need to be purchased. Nor do the terms tailcoat , morning coat or house coat denote types of overcoat. The design of this cot bed allows it to fit seamlessly into any style bedroom or nursery and, as most cot beds are, it's gender neutral in colours too.
Traditionally, the majority of men dressed in a coat and tie, although this has become gradually less widespread since the s. Because the basic pattern for the stroller black jacket worn with striped trousers in British English and dinner jacket tuxedo in American English are the same as lounge coats, tailors traditionally call both of these special types of jackets a coat.
An overcoat is designed to be worn as the outermost garment worn as outdoor wear;  while this use is still maintained in some places, particularly in Britain, elsewhere the term coat is commonly used mainly to denote only the overcoat, and not the under-coat.
A topcoat is a slightly shorter[ citation needed ] overcoat, if any distinction is to be made. Overcoats worn over the top of knee length coats under-coats such as frock coats , dress coats , and morning coats are cut to be a little longer than the under-coat so as to completely cover it, as well as being large enough to accommodate the coat underneath.
The length of an overcoat varies: Designs vary from knee-length to the ankle length briefly fashionable in the early s and known to contrast with the usurped mini as the "maxi".
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